How Somali Cities Dominated The Ancient Spice Trade
Pretty neat stuff!
Pretty neat stuff!
The uniforms were probably deliberate. Notice the two ladies in the background, enjoying the view.
Basically, thanks British Empire.
This is the first-known dinosaur built to swim, not run or fly.
Eleanor Roosevelt and Amelia Earhart were close friends. One time they snuck out of the White House to go to a party together, and another time, they went on a joyride from DC to Baltimore with Earhart piloting the stolen airplane. After that excursion, Roosevelt obtained a student permit to learn to fly. She never did get around to it though.
Will Rogers, an American stage and film actor, vaudeville performer, cowboy, humorist, newspaper columnist, and social commentator. In the mid-1930s he was hugely popular as a wit and a film star, commanding some of Hollywood's highest fees. Rogers was also a Cherokee citizen born in 1879 in the Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory. It is today Oklahoma.
While examining weathered rock art in Siberian Russia, archaeologists found additional rock images, some 12 miles away in northwestern Mongolia. When the Russian engravings were discovered in the 1990s and early 2000s at Kalgutinsky Rudnik, the images were thought to be between 8,000 and 10,000 years old. The animals shown were not identifiable, and researchers were not sure if they depicted extinct or imagined creatures. The new study identified an additional image from the Mongolian sites of a woolly rhinoceros and a baby woolly mammoth. Woolly mammoths went extinct some 15,000 years ago which makes the sites at least that old. The images were also shown to have been made with stone implements. In addition, the patina on the stones indicates the images are older than previously thought. The researchers concluded the images in the two locations had been drawn in the so-called Kalgutinsky style, which dates to the Upper Paleolithic period (roughly 40,000 years ago to 10,000 years ago).
We know the ancient Phoenicians spoke a Semitic language, originated in the Levant (today's Lebanon), and spread around the Mediterranean basin from 1500 to 300 CE, building towns and trading posts. But what did they look like?
You may have previously heard of the Children's Crusade, which happened in 1212. And was a total failure. When the Vatican sought recruits to fight Muslim Spain and the Cathars in spring 1212, an unexpected group of volunteers came forward, who were neither mercenaries nor local warriors. The chroniclers at the time called them “pueri.”
In 1977, the Dutch historian Peter Raedts argued that the Latin word "pueri" did not specifically mean children, but anyone who was socially "small." So "pueri" could be peasants who belonged to the lowest tiers of society. Several sources specifically mention that adult men and women, as well as elderly people, were active in the events of 1212.
Another potential re-definition of the term "pueri" was that it may have generally referred to male adolescents under 15 years old, which at the time was the earliest legal age they could marry. If this was the definition, teenagers were therefore counted as part of the children's crusade. But the word "infantes" -- which specifically means children -- also appeared in the sources describing the actual participants of the Children's Crusade. Which suggests the more limited pueri definition is right.
This blog is a collection of the interesting, the weird, and sometimes the need-to-know about history, culled from around the internet. It has pictures, it has quotes, it occasionally has my own opinions on things. If you want to know more about anything posted, follow the link at the "source" on the bottom of each post. And if you really like my work, buy me a coffee or become a patron!
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