University Returns Native American Remains from Archaeological Sites for Burial

Ten bone fragments from the archives at Colgate University's Longyear Museum of Anthropology will be handed over to the Oneida Indian Nation. The fragments were only recently identified during n inventory of the museum, and are thought to come from at least six different people. Colgate University acquired them between 1959 and 2000, from excavations by members of the New York State Archaeological Association at various sites in the ancestral Oneida homelands. “We are grateful for the return of these remains, and truly appreciate Colgate University for coming forward with this discovery so that our ancestors may receive a proper re-internment at our burial grounds,” said Ray Halbritter, Oneida Indian Nation Representative.

The aqueduct of Carthage (Zaghouan Aqueduct) in Tunisia. Built under the Roman Empire in the late 100s CE, the aqueduct supplied the city of Carthage with water from Zaghouan, and later additional sources, making 132 kilometers of aqueduct in all. Zaghouan Aqueduct is so long it took the water 1.5 to 2 days to travel to the city!

A newly-unearthed dinosaur, Trierarchuncus prairiensis, had distinctive hooks for hands. T. prairiensis's small, simple teeth suggest they once walked seas of grass, probably foraging for insects to eat, which they could dig up with help from their claws.

The name comes from 'trierarch', a seafaring ship's captain in Greek, and 'uncus' meaning hook in Latin, followed by “prairie.” So the dinosaur is 'Captain Hook of the Prairie.’ You have to love scientists with a sense of humor.

Traces of Northeast Vietnam's Early Humans Found in Caves

Evidence of human habitation in caves in northeastern Vietnam’s Ba Be National Park have been found which date back 20,000 years. Most of the finds were found in Tham Kit Cave including stone tools, traces of an oven, and animals' teeth and bones. Tham Kit Cave is relatively large at nearly 3,000 square meters, separated into three rooms with smooth floors and many small corners. Importantly, the cave is near a lake so early humans would have had access to water.

Fun In The Rain

Photograph taken in City Hall Park, NYC, on December 7th, 1976. Taken by Neal Boenzi who was a photojournalist for the New York Times.

In 1986, England's team for the FIFA World Cup included two players with the less-than-usual name Gary Stevens. One of them joked that the team's manager had selected both so he could be sure he got the right one.

The name "Starbucks" comes from a character in the famous novel Moby Dick. It was almost named Pequod instead, after the whaling ship in the same novel.

The Multi-Generational Devourer of Villages

George Washington's great-grandfather, John Washington, participated in an effort to end a Native American uprising in Virginia and Maryland in the 1670s. The uprising included members of both the Susquehannah and the Piscataway, two Algonquin tribes, and during the fighting, English colonists massacred five chief who had come to negotiate under a flag of truce. After the massacre the Susquehannahs gave John Washington an Algonquian name that translated to "town taker" or "devourer of villages" -- "Conotocarious."

In 1753, the French moved into the Ohio Valley, and began building forts. The English colonies along the Atlantic coast had also claimed that land. So George Washington offered his services to the Governor of Virginia as an envoy to carry a message to the French commander. After a month's travel into what is now Pennsylvania, Washington met with Monacatoocha of the Oneida branch of the Iroquois nation, as well as with Tanacharison from the Seneca, another Iroquois Confederacy tribe. Washington, with help from interpreters in his party, entered into negotiations and gathered information from Tanacharison about the numbers and positions of the French. It was possibly during this trip that he was given the monniker "Conotocarious," after his murderous great-grandfather.

Washington later wrote that Conotocarious, "being registered in their Manner and communicated to other Nations of Indians, has been remembered by them ever since in all their transactions during the late War [the American Revolution]."

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    HISTORICAL NON-FICTION

    By Lillian Audette

    This blog is a collection of the interesting, the weird, and sometimes the need-to-know about history, culled from around the internet. It has pictures, it has quotes, it occasionally has my own opinions on things. If you want to know more about anything posted, follow the link at the "source" on the bottom of each post. And if you really like my work, buy me a coffee or become a patron!

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