The first South African pride parade was held on October 13th, 1990. It is the first known event of its type on the African continent. Since 1990, only two other countries in Africa have held known pride parades: Mauritius annually since 2006, and Uganda in 2012, 2013, 2014, and 2015. It was canceled in 2016 and 2017 by the government for "gay promotion."

Maybe The Parthenon Isn't The Parthenon

A new study by Dutch researchers claims the massive temple to Athena, which presides over the Acropolis at Athens, has been called by the incorrect name since Roman times. The study claims that the name "Parthenon" actually refers to an entirely different structure located on the Acropolis. Specifically, the ancient treasury where offerings to Athena were placed. But Parthenon started being used to refer to the larger temple by the Romans, and the name stuck for the next 2,000 years.

According to the researchers, the temple to Athena was known as the "Hekatompedon" to the classical Greeks. It means “Hundred foot temple." The interior of the main temple was indeed 100 feet long, although frankly, being architecturally accurate does not excuse how much more difficult Hekatompedon is to pronounce.

The US Government Has Long Killed Black Activists. It Just Wasn't Filmed.

In 1968, at just 20 years old, Fred Hampton brokered a nonaggression pact among Chicago's most powerful street gangs. He then helped form a multicultural political organization, "Rainbow coalition," that initially included the Black Panthers, Young Patriots and the Young Lords, and an alliance among major Chicago street gangs to help them end infighting, and work for social change. Fred Hampton was then assassinated in his sleep, age 21, by a tactical unit produced by the Chicago Police Department working in conjunction with the FBI. A coroner's jury held an inquest in 1970 and ruled his death to be justifiable homicide. A civil lawsuit was later filed on behalf of his survivors and relatives that was resolved 1982 by a settlement of $1.85 million. Today, based on revelations about the illegal COINTELPRO program and documents associated with the killings, scholars now widely consider Hampton's death an assassination under the FBI's initiative.

Where Was Cattle Domesticated First?

Cattle were domesticated independently in South Asia, West Asia (Anatolia), and Africa from local wild bovines. In South Asia (what it today Pakistan), cattle appear to have been domesticated by about 6,500 to 6,000 BCE. In Anatolia, cattle appears to have been domesticated a little earlier, between 7,000 and 6,500 BCE. African cattle domestication happened at least by 6,000 BCE. However, it is possible that it happened much earlier, with an earliest suggested date of 9,000 BCE. If the earlier date is correct, cattle were first domesticated in Africa.

The first poem published by an African-American in North America was "An Evening Thought: Salvation by Christ, with Penitential Cries." It was written by Jupiter Hammon, a Christian man enslaved by the Lloyd family from Long Island, New York. He ad been allowed a basic education so he could work as a book-keeper in their business. His Christmas poem was published in 1761. Eighteen years later, he published his second poem, "An Address to Miss Phillis Wheatley." Hammon was an admirer of her poetry though they had never met. By the time he died, Hammon had published four poems and four prose works, and was still enslaved.

"A strap secured to the back of the board (on which the child rests) passes around the forehead, and the bearer by pressing the lower part with her arms, as represented in this sketch, secures it most effectually and carries it with great ease." A.J. Miller, extracted from "The West of Alfred Jacob Miller" (1837). In July 1858, William T. Walters commissioned 200 watercolors at twelve dollars apiece from Baltimore born artist Alfred Jacob Miller. The watercolors were based on field-sketches drawn during the 1837 expedition that Miller had undertaken to the annual fur-trader's rendezvous in the Green River Valley (in what is now western Wyoming). Each commissioned watercolor was accompanied by a descriptive text. Today, these watercolors are a unique record of the closing years of the western fur trade. Courtesy of the Walters Museum.

Once-Dominant Steppe Warrior's Grave Found In Croatia

The rare remains of an Avar warrior dating to the late 600s or early 700s CE have been found in a walled tomb in eastern Croatia, near the site of the Roman city of Cibalae. While Avars were known to have been in the area, this is the first Avar grave found. The Avars were Eurasian nomads who arrived in Europe in the 500s CE, at the invitation of the Byzantine emperor, and conquered the other nomadic tribes in the region to become the dominant group. Archaeologist Anita Rapan-Papeša explained “When we observe the walled grave we have discovered, it turns out that Avars saw how Romans were buried so they made their own copies of Roman graves.” Rapan-Papeša and her team members also unearthed a grave in the cemetery that contained the remains of an Avar warrior, his horse, and bridle ornaments.

In 1619 the first African Americans were brought to North America as slaves. In the 401 years since, African Americans have been legally equal to Whites for just 16% of the time.

The reverse is also important to remember. Whites have been taught for at least 84% of the time that African Americans were lesser humans.

Source

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    HISTORICAL NON-FICTION

    By Lillian Audette

    This blog is a collection of the interesting, the weird, and sometimes the need-to-know about history, culled from around the internet. It has pictures, it has quotes, it occasionally has my own opinions on things. If you want to know more about anything posted, follow the link at the "source" on the bottom of each post. And if you really like my work, buy me a coffee or become a patron!

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