Corregidor Island, a small island at the entrance to Manila Bay. It is an important strategic point -- whoever controls the island, controls Manila. And with it the Philippines. Since the Spanish first built a base on the island in 1570, Corregidor has been captured, and held, by the Dutch, the British, the Americans, the Japanese, and the Americans again.   It was taken in December 1941 by Japanese forces after months of near-constant bombardment. Corregidor marked the fall of the Philippines to the Japanese Empire. When American forces retook Corregidor in February 1945, it was another marker of the long, slow, and inexorable island-hopping campaign to push the Japanese back into Japan. That 1945 battle was the last action that Corregidor saw. Today, it is an open-air museum. All across Corregidor are the ruins of the World War II military base, with bomb-ravaged buildings left as they were and many large guns still in place. Click through the image gallery to see more photographs of the island, as it looks today.

This odd-looking item is a nose ring! The nose ring was uncovered at a grave near the border with Costa Rica in 1909. Times being what they were, the artifact was then sold to Tiffany & Co. in New York City. Eventually it ended up in the Walters Art Museum in Baltimore, where it resides today.     Because it was unearthed by non-archaeologists, and immediately sold abroad, not much is known about how it was made or who once wore it. It was crafted in Panama by a Native American out of gold alloy, sometime between 800 CE and 1521 CE. Based on eyewitness accounts by early conquistadors and the archaeological evidence, we can also say that gold nose rings were a popular form of body ornament and sign of rank, for both men and women, in ancient Central America.

King Henry VIII of England was a rich man, and after the dissolution of the monasteries during his break with the Vatican, he grew even richer. He spent as quickly as he made, on clothes, paintings, maps, horses -- and houses. By the end of Henry VIII's reign, he had at least sixty-four palaces and castles. That's more than one per week!

An Animated History of Ukraine

Really, really good history! Since I know next to nothing about Ukraine's national history, I particularly appreciated the accessibility -- the vlogger assumed we had been born yesterday, and it worked.

During the Choson Dynasty (1392 to 1897) in Korea, it was customary to make a food offering to one’s deceased parent, at every meal for the first three years after they passed. So offering stands like this one are a common pottery type. They were made to be sturdy more than pretty, since each one was expected to last three years of daily use.

A cistern built by the Portuguese in their Fortress of Mazagan. From their fort, they controlled port city of El Jadida, Morocco for 250 years before the Moroccans retook the city in 1769.

India's Fratricidal Mughals

The first six Moghul Emperors of India ruled in an unbroken succession from father to son for nearly 200 years, from 1526 to 1707. Impressive! But wait -- this was not father to eldest son. There was not a tradition of primogeniture, where the eldest son automatically inherits the crown. Each of those father-to-son successions happened only after civil war and court intrigue and, yes, brothers murdering brothers...

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    HISTORICAL NON-FICTION

    By Lillian Audette

    This blog is a collection of the interesting, the weird, and sometimes the need-to-know about history, culled from around the internet. It has pictures, it has quotes, it occasionally has my own opinions on things. If you want to know more about anything posted, follow the link at the "source" on the bottom of each post. And if you really like my work, buy me a coffee or become a patron!

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