The first nautical circumnavigation was by the Magellan-Elcano expedition, which sailed from Seville, Spain in 1519 and returned in 1522. The first successful aerial circumnavigation was completed by aviators of the U.S. Army Air Service in four Douglas World Cruiser biplanes in 1924. Thanks to /u/NewSwaraelia for the map!
New Zealander and Māori Georgina Beyer became the world’s first transsexual Member of Parliament in 1999.
There are between 120 and 175 individual languages spoken in the Philippines. If you take the larger count, 171 of the languages are living, while the other four no longer have any known speakers. There are some efforts to conserve the Philippines' linguistic diversity but at present, only English, Filipino, and Filipino Sign Language are officially recognized languages.
Humans are pretty adaptable compared to other hominin species, and other apes, which may have been key to the survival of our species. Most animals stick to particular habitats, or are wide-ranging, and based on that scientists classify species on a continuum between generalist and specialist.
But homo sapiens are unique in that they can specialize, and they can generalize. We are specialist-generalists. Some humans have adapted intensively to one ecological niche, most famously high-altitude zones, while other wander across ecological zones. Yet we are still all one species, able to intermarry, or switch regions and adapt. That makes homo sapiens unique across species.
Looking at this map, you would never know that potatoes were domesticated in the Andean highlands. History takes some strange turns.
Note that in this map, the Aceh Sultanate is considered a vassal of the Ottoman Empire. The Ottomans did send a fleet and other military aid to help the Acehnese in wars with the Malay kingdoms and the Portuguese, and the Acehnese did acknowledge the Ottoman sultan as caliph. It's still a stretch to say that the Ottomans in Istanbul "controlled" the Aceh territory on Sumatra.
Royal gold from the Empire of Majapahit, 1200s to 1500s CE. Java, Indonesia.
This blog is a collection of the interesting, the weird, and sometimes the need-to-know about history, culled from around the internet. It has pictures, it has quotes, it occasionally has my own opinions on things. If you want to know more about anything posted, follow the link at the "source" on the bottom of each post. And if you really like my work, buy me a coffee or become a patron!
Website design and coding by the Amalgama