Did you know that the word "sniper" comes from World War I? Before then, specialist marksmen were called "sharpshooters." But during World War I, British officers began referring to sharpshooters as ‘snipers’, recalling in late 1700s and 1800s when officers stationed in India would go bird hunting in the hills. The tiny snipe bird being one of the hardest of targets to hit. The slang implied that with their newfangled telescopic-sighted rifles, the specialist marksmen could likely hit snipes with ease.
From 1914 the word was widely adopted by the British press, and it spread from there.
Natural disasters were a constant threat to the people living in the ancient Neolithic city of Liangzhu in China's Yangtze Delta. Annual monsoons could easily flood the city. So the city constructed an extensive network of dams and reservoirs and an enormous levee, in and around the 740-acre city. There were 51 canals, 11 dams, and 2 reservoirs. The waterworks likely also irrigated rice paddies and helped transport stone and timber from the nearby mountains.
To have built it all, Liangzhu must have used massive amounts of labor and resources. And they did so between 5,000 and 4,800 years ago -- about 1,000 years before state-level societies capable of such large public works were thought to have developed. That makes Liangzhu either an outlier, or proof that complex ancient societies developed earlier than we thought.
Mongolians practiced horse dentistry as early as 3,200 years ago
Horse dentistry was first practiced -- by anyone -- among Bronze Age Mongolian herders. As early as 800 BCE, they attempted to extract first premolar teeth from young horses, allowing herders to use metal bits, while avoiding behavior and health complications for horses that the bits may have caused if the teeth were left in place. Bits allow riders to more easily control horses. Making horseback warfare easier, too.
What Did Roman Trade with India and China Look Like?
This map, based on geographical data recorded by a Greek writer in the early years of the Roman Empire, shows the trade route from Rome to India. Elites in India and China prized Roman-made glass and rugs. Elites in Rome enjoyed wearing silks made in the Far East -- so much that the Senate got worried about how much gold was leaving the empire, and tried to ban silk clothing. It did not work.
You will notice that most of the goods traded were for elites -- silk, glass, ivory, carnelian. Given the long distances to travel between the Mediterranean, the Ganges, and the Yangtze, only expensive items to wealthy aristocrats made the journey. Basics like grain or iron were traded in more localized networks.
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By Lillian Audette
This blog is a collection of the interesting, the weird, and sometimes the need-to-know about history, culled from around the internet. It has pictures, it has quotes, it occasionally has my own opinions on things. If you want to know more about anything posted, follow the link at the "source" on the bottom of each post. And if you really like my work, buy me a coffee or become a patron!