A 2,000-year-old settlement, complete with surrounding fields, farms, and roads, has been discovered in northern Poland’s Tuchola Forest. The settlement is notable because not just the buildings are intact, but the fields they lived off of and the road they walked remain as well. Nothing was covered over by later settlements. The site covers about 420 acres, and was found using airborne laser-scanning equipment and dated based on pottery recovered on the ground. It will be exciting to hear as more comes out about this ancient site!
Three different Japanese texts of the early 19th century refer to a “hollow ship” that arrived on a local beach in 1803. A white-skinned young woman emerged, but fishermen found that she couldn’t communicate in Japanese, so they returned her to the vessel, which drifted back to sea.
Although it reads similar to a folktale, it is an oddly specific one — the texts give dates (Feb. 22 or March 24) and give the dimensions of the craft (3.3 meters high, 5.4 meters wide), which was shaped like a rice pot or incense burner fitted with small windows. Reportedly the woman carried a small box that no one was allowed to touch.
Unfortunately, the place names mentioned appear to be fictitious. So most likely the story is merely an expression of the insularity of the Edo period. One thing the ship was not was a UFO — it never left the water, but simply floated away.
A couple holding hands while riding along. Sweden, 1974.
Known by various names -- the Pomeranian War (Sweden), the Third Carnatic War (India), the French and Indian War (USA), La guerre de la Conquête (Quebec) -- it involved all the major European powers and spanned five continent. Which is why the conflict is sometimes called "World War Zero."
"There is a cult of ignorance in the United States, and there always has been. The strain of anti-intellectualism has been a constant thread winding its way through our political and cultural life, nurtured by the false notion that democracy means that ‘my ignorance is just as good as your knowledge.'"
Isaac Asimov, Newsweek, January 21st, 1980
The first Bible to be printed in North America was a Massachusett translation in 1663. Massachusett is an Algonquin language, spoken by the Wampanoag, as well as a state. The title was "Mamusse Wunneetupanatamwe Up Biblum God" which translates to "The Whole Holy His-Bible God." You can tell the translator just transliterated "bible" and "God."
In 1393 in Germany, seven fat oxen were equal in value to one pound of nutmeg.
During the China Relief Expedition in 1900, US Armed Forces entered China during the Boxer Rebellion, to attempt to aid trapped US citizens and European nationals. The “Righteous and Harmonious Fists”, or simply the “Boxers” attacked the Roman Catholic Peitang Cathedral, where 3400 Chinese Christians, 55 missionaries, and 43 French and Italian sailors were seeking refuge. The cathedral was inside the Imperial City of Beijing, and thus was completely cut off from Legation Quarter, their only hope of help. It seemed like an easy capture for the 10,000 Boxer soldiers who beseiged the cathedral.
And yet...the sailors managed to hold them off. For over two months! The seige lasted from from 14 June 1900 until 16 August 1900, and while more than 400 Christian converts died, the majority survived. The Boxers blamed their failure on a “ten thousand woman flag”, woven out of pubic hair that was draped on top of the cathedral, and thus rendering the Boxers “magic” useless.
When Australia's pounds, shillings and pence were to be replaced by decimal currency in February 1966, many names for the new currency were suggested. The austral, the oz, the boomer, the roo, the kanga, the emu, the koala, the digger, the zac, the kwid, the dinkum, and the ming were all considered,before settling on the much-less-interesting "dollar".
The ancient Egyptian city of Kahun was the first planned city in the world. It was erected for the overseers and workmen employed in constructing the nearby pyramid of Al-Lāhūn, built by Sesostris II (reigned 1844–37 BCE), and it was abandoned when the pyramid was completed.
It was excavated by the English archaeologist Sir Flinders Petrie (1888–90), revealing a crisscross of streets laid out in a regular pattern. Houses were built of mud brick covered by beamed, flat mud roofs, with open courts and porticoes, and the earliest examples of a supporting wooden column.