Underground Resistance Groups during World War 2 Were Often Anti-Semitic

During World War II, partisan groups arose in the forests of eastern Europe. Often small bands, they were desperate people who hoped that by retreating to the forests and keeping their numbers small, they could survive Nazi occupation and potentially use guerrilla warfare to help weaken the Nazis in their area. Most were not Jewish. Most were locals who wanted to resist the occupation of their homelands.

Some number of the groups were Jewish, however. There were many reasons separate Jewish partisan groups arose, but one notable reason was anti-semitism. Jews in non-Jewish partisan groups often hid their religion for fear of their countrymen turning on them.

Norman Salsitz, for example, used seven non-Jewish identities while fighting the Nazis in two partisan groups. At the second and larger one, the AK Polish Underground, a command was given to seek out and kill Jews being hidden on a farm. The AK Polish Underground took time from fighting Nazis to kill Jews hiding from the Nazis. Let that sink in.

Norman Salsitz volunteered for the mission. He killed the Poles who had been sent with him, and rescued the Jews in hiding. He then returned to his first partisan group. It was smaller and less effective, but they did not ask him to murder innocents, for the crime of being Jewish.

Russia Leads The World With Their National Parks

In the final months of Nicholas II's reign as czar, he created the country's first zapovednik, or "strict nature reserve," near Lake Baikal in Siberia. He never knew that the reserve succeeded in saving the Barguzin sable, a species long prized by the Russian imperial family for its fur, which was nicknamed "soft gold." The czars were overthrown but their approach to nature conservancy stayed. Throughout the 1900s, Russia's approach to protected lands was to keep humans out of them, not save them as pleasure parks. Nature reserve were intended to preserve primordial nature.     Today, Russia has 174 million acres of federally protected lands. Of those, 85 million are zapovedniks, where human visitors are extremely limited. No other country has as much highly protected land.

Magical Man Survived On 3 to 4 Hours of Sleep

Former American president Lyndon Johnson averaged only 3 to 4 hours of sleep a night and worked most of the rest; his wife once said, “Lyndon acts as if there is never going to be a tomorrow.” He would sleep from 1 am or 2 am to 5 am, work until lunch, then take a brief nap around 2 or 3 pm, before working until the early hours of the morning. These "double days" were exhausting for everyone who worked with him. And they were probably a political advantage for Johnson, who could get more work done in a day than his opponents.

He once called a congressman at 3 a.m. to discuss a piece of pending legislation. When Johnson asked, “Were you asleep?” the congressman thought quickly and said, “No, Mr. President, I was just lying here hoping you’d call.”

This Discovery Happened Surprisingly Late

Humans have theorized about other galaxies and distant planets for centuries. But it was only in 1992 that the first exoplanet -- a planet outside our Solar System -- was discovered. That's after the original Star Trek and Star Wars both finished!

A Nomadic Kyrgyz Family, Resting On The Steppe Grasslands

The Kyrgyz are a Turkic ethnic group widely spread over the area of eastern Turkestan. The man, with weathered face, is dressed in a skullcap and a frayed traditional striped coat. He is burdened with padded blankets and probably a small tent. The woman, with brilliant white turban, wears a tattered cloak and carries smaller bundles of blankets and clothes. Their small boy wears a colorful skullcap and a sparkling green silk jacket in the Chinese style.     The photograph was taken by the Russian photographer Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii (1863–1944) sometime between 1905 and 1911. He was attempting to document the expanse of what was then the Russian Empire. This photograph comes from his trips to Turkestan (present-day Uzbekistan and neighboring states).

Infamous Nazi Submarine Discovered

A multi-beam echo sounding technique has been used to locate the infamous Nazi submarine U-3523 in the Skagerrak Strait between Sweden, Norway, and Denmark. The U-3523 was technologically advanced for its time. If it survived, the sub could have revolutionized naval warfare because it could cruise for prolonged distances without needing to resurface. It was sunk on May 6, 1945, by a British aircraft.     After World War II was over, rumors began that the U-3523 had been fleeing Germany, carrying high-ranking Nazis and a cargo of Nazi gold. The wreck is being treated as a war grave and will not be disturbed. So who or what the U-3523 was carrying on its last voyage will remain a mystery.

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    HISTORICAL NON-FICTION

    By Lillian Audette

    This blog is a collection of the interesting, the weird, and sometimes the need-to-know about history, culled from around the internet. It has pictures, it has quotes, it occasionally has my own opinions on things. If you want to know more about anything posted, follow the link at the "source" on the bottom of each post. And if you really like my work, buy me a coffee or become a patron!

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