Flora Thundercloud Funmaker Bearheart, in a studio portrait in Black River Falls, Wisconsin, around 1910. Bearheart was a member of the Ho-Chunk tribe. Today, the estimated 12,000 Ho-Chunk are split between two federally recognized tribes, one in Nebraska, one in Wisconsin.

In Art Deco, Even Toasters Were Fancy!

This is the "sweetheart" toaster, manufactured by Landers, Frary & Clark of Connecticut during the 1920s.

When Women Weren‘t Persons

In 1928, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that women were not “persons” according to the British North America Act and therefore were ineligible for appointment to the Senate. To overturn this, the Canadian woman in question appealed to the Privy Council of England. At the time it was Canada's highest appeals court. In 1929, the Privy Council ruled that women are, indeed, "persons," opening up the Canadian legislature for women as well as preventing narrow readings of laws that read "person" instead of "citizen" or "human."

A History of Solitaire (the computer game) And Other Technological Innovations

The history of Solitaire, ctrl-alt-delete, comic sans, and easter eggs in video games.

Slave Ship Identified Off Mexican Coast

Researchers have identified the wreckage of a paddle-wheel steamboat (discovered in 2017) as the remains of La Unin. It was once used to carry Maya people to Cuba to work in sugarcane fields there, before La Unin sank near the Yucatan port of Sisal in 1861. Although slavery was illegal in Mexico, the operators of La Unin and similar vessels are thought to have purchased Mayas who were captured as combatants or left landless during the rebellion known as the War of the Castes, which took place from 1847 to 1901. It is unknown if it was carrying enslaved Mayas during its final voyage. The ship was identified thanks to oral history, according to lead researcher Helena Barba Meinecke: "One of the people in Sisal who saw how they led the Mayas away as slaves, told his son and then he told his grandson, and it was that person who led us to the general area of the shipwreck.”

Literal Meanings of Countries' Names

Click through the image gallery to see names' meanings around the world. Some of these names are older than others. For instance, Mexico's name comes from Nahuatl, the language of the Aztecs. Also, some of these take the English name's meaning, others the local language's meaning. But still -- fun maps!

Alberta Jones was an black attorney, who gained national prominence when she represented Cassius Clay's first professional fighting contract (that's Muhammad Ali now). She participated in the 1963 civil rights marches in Louisville, Kentucky and in the March on Washington on August 28 of that year. She also created an Independent Voter's Association which helped 6,000 African-Americans register to vote. She helped a new city government get elected in 1961, Then she became the first woman, of any race, to be appointed city attorney for Louisville in 1964. The next year she was assassinated at age 35. The FBI matched a fingerprint found inside Jones car to a man who was 17-years-old at the time, but prosecutors decided two years later not to pursue the case, citing deaths of key witnesses who later turned out to be alive. The crime has never been solved.

Between 1970 and 2016, Earth has lost 68% all birds, fish, and animals. That is over two-thirds of Earth’s wildlife, gone. We live in a historic time.

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    HISTORICAL NON-FICTION

    By Lillian Audette

    This blog is a collection of the interesting, the weird, and sometimes the need-to-know about history, culled from around the internet. It has pictures, it has quotes, it occasionally has my own opinions on things. If you want to know more about anything posted, follow the link at the "source" on the bottom of each post. And if you really like my work, buy me a coffee or become a patron!

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