It was suggested by a customer in 1984, and Ben & Jerry's liked it. But the flavor was only offered in one store in Burlington, Vermont. Meanwhile, they experimented with the flavor, trying to get the familiar cookie dough taste and texture, even when frozen. Once they were satisfied, chocolate chip cookie dough pints started appearing in grocery stores across America. And the rest is history!
Born a slave in Mississippi in 1862, just a few months before the Emancipation Proclamation and a few years before the end of slavery in her state, Ida B. Wells ended her life a prominent activist for women's rights and against lynching. She first worked as a teacher, in Mississippi and then in Memphis, Tennessee where the pay was higher. While in Memphis, Wells began writing for newspapers around issues of civil rights and segregation.
In 1892, in a mixed-race Memphis neighborhood, a grocery store was set up by three free black businessmen: Tom Moss, Calvin McDowell and Will Stewart. Their stores was somewhat successful and it drew customers away from a white-owned grocery store nearby. The white store owner and his supporters clashed with the three men on a few occasions, to the point that they guarded their store each night. One such night the violence escalated, and thirty black men were arrested in the ensuing confusion. Moss, McDowell, and Stewart were never given a chance to defend themselves in court. A mob dragged them from the jail and shot them in the street.
This event helped inspire Ida B. Wells to fight against lynching, a campaign which she championed for the rest of her life. It was not a welcome message in Tennessee. Wells received many death threats, and she had to move from Memphis to Chicago in 1893 for her own safety.
The title of this post is the last line of an anti-lynching article, written by Wells in 1900 in Chicago, entitled "Lynch Law in America."
"The dinosaurs became extinct because they didn't have a space program. And if we become extinct because we don't have a space program, it'll serve us right!"
Larry Niven, an American science-fiction writer, with a brilliant and unique analysis of the Cretaceous extinction
When the National Hockey League first started, hockey goalies had to stay on their feet at all times. Requiring goalies to remain standing contributed to high scoring games -- and cheating. Because goalies were allowed to "accidentally" fall to the ice. So some goalies got very good at accidentally falling down, and timing it just right so their bodies just so happened to block an incoming puck. Oops! The rule was changed partway through the very first NHL season, probably due to rampant cheating.
In 1942, Dorothea Lange was hired by the US government to document the Japanese internment. When military officials reviewed her photographs, they censored them. None were released. Thankfully, the photographs were deposited in the National Archives, but not destroyed. In 2006 the photographs were finally made public.
"Redlining" is when a bank refuses to give a mortgage, or a government refuses to back a mortgage, to someone because they live in an area deemed to be a poor financial risk. In the United States, this term came to be in the Great Depression when the US government took over responsibility of backing mortgages -- but only in areas deemed sufficiently low-risk. In practice, "sufficiently low-risk" meant mostly-white or all-white neighborhoods.
Redlining was a tool of racial segregation and separation. If a family cannot purchase a home than that family cannot acquire capital on that capital to the next generation. The family's money is spent on rent, the value of which disappears to the landlord, instead of a mortgage, the value of which stays with the family. Redlining hurts families for multiple generations.
Here is the map that delineated where mortgages would be given in Seattle, in Washington state.
Abraham Lincoln's voice, according to contemporaries, was high-pitched, reedy, and shrill.
Hockey used to have seven men playing for each team, instead of the six we have today. The septet included a goalie, two defensemen, three forwards, and a "rover" who switched from defense to offense as needed. This did not last long, though. The six-man rule was instituted in the 1911-12 season.
This was once worn in someone's ear! It is an early Classic Maya ceramic ear flare, with the painted image of a deity. Circa 300 - 600 CE.
Sandra Ávila Beltrán was one of the few women to ever become a cartel queen. She grew up in a cartel, her father close to the top of one, but she wanted no part of the lifestyle. She left for college. She majored in communications. Sandra was out. Until age 21 -- when a jealous boyfriend with connections to a cartel kidnapped her. Though the details of how he did it and how long he held her are vague, that one event changed the course of Sandra's life.
I cannot do her justice in a short post, so I highly recommend reading a full article about Sandra's story. But if you don't want to, or don't have time, here's the quicknotes version. Sandra Ávila Beltrán joined a cartel at age 21 and quickly rose through the ranks. As a woman, she was highly unusual in that world, and acquired the nickname "Queen of the Pacific." She became an important link between various pieces of the drug trade that passed through Mexico and the Caribbean. Sandra became very rich. So rich that when she was eventually caught, convicted, and sent to prison, she brought three maids with her and welcomed visitors in high heels and designer clothes. Since her release in 2015, Sandra has been fighting in court for the return of the dozens of cars, homes, and jewels she’d amassed as “The Queen of the Pacific.”