Drone-mounted lasers appear to have detected details of the architecture of an ancient island settlement off Florida’s Gulf coast, using 3D mapping technology. Archaeological remains were first noted on Raleigh Island in 1990. In-person exploration of the area in 2010 revealed the presence of a settlement dating from 900 to 1200 CE.
Unfortunately, the island’s dense foliage impeded traditional land-based surveys of what remained. That’s why this drone-based laser survey, almost ten years later, is so important.
Among other details we now can see 37 residential areas “enclosed by ridges of oyster shell” that are up to 12ft (4m) tall. Archaeological digs at 10 identified residential areas found evidence that beads made from large marine mollusks were produced in these settlements. Stone tools, used to make the beads, were also found. The beads were likely for import among inland chiefdoms. In areas that were far from the coast, such as the lower midwest of the US, mollusk beads and even sizable sea mollusks were imported, where they were used as social capital in economic and social interactions between groups.
November 9th is a momentous day to Germans. Many major events in German history occurred on that day: Robert Blum's death in 1848, Kaiser Wilhelm's abdication in 1918, Einstein's Nobel Prize win in 1922, the failed Munich Putsch/Beer Hall Putsch in 1923, Kristallnacht in 1938, and the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. Since shortly after World War II, November 9th was nicknamed Schicksalstag ("Day of Fate") by some media members. But its current widespread use in Germany started after the fall of the Berlin Wall.
My favorite detail is the lady sharing a smile with the child. My second favorite detail is the stuffed pig, perched in the child's lap.
On the afternoon of October 24th, 1961, 31-year-old Mrs. Joan Risch was found to be missing from her home in Lincoln, Massachusetts. Blood was found in the kitchen and the driveway, and it matched her blood type. A table had been overturned and a telephone handset had been torn from the wall. Interestingly, her 2-year-old son was safe in his crib upstairs. Her husband, returning from a business trip, said he could not explain the source of some empty beer bottles in a wastebasket.
Joan Risch had last been seen wearing a trench coat and carrying something red quickly up her driveway, toward the garage. Several people reported having seen a two-tone blue car in the neighborhood, and possibly in the Rischs' driveway, at about the time of her disappearance. Multiple witnesses also reported seeing a disoriented woman who matched Risch’s description walking along nearby roads. In a Gone Girl twist, some time after her disappearance it was discovered that Risch had checked out 25 books on murders and missing-persons cases over the summer of 1961. What happened that day in October has never been solved. Both Risch’s husband and police chief Leo Algeo died in 2009.
And also are more likely to meet online than any other method of meeting romantic partners (see the second image in the gallery)
Sweden fought in its last war in 1814, and Switzerland fought in its last war in 1815. So although Swiss neutrality is more famous, Sweden’s neutrality is older. (For those interested, Sweden's last military action was an invasion to force Norway under Swedish control. Switzerland's was fighting on Napoleon's side until Waterloo.) Neither Sweden nor Switzerland participated in either world war, and today, neither are members of NATO.
Giraffe populations declined by 40% between 1985 and 2016, as the animals were killed in high numbers for their skins, tails, and meat. Today there are just 97,500 giraffes living in the wild.