One of the horse statues has been dated to at least 2,800 years ago, the time of the Israelite Kingdom, and the other to the Hellenistic period at least 2,200 years ago. Horses had become deeply established in the region by that time, albeit for mobility and for prestige. Horses were not for pulling plows, but to get about, and visit or conquer the neighbors. These are not the first horse statuary found in the region which were relatively popular by about 3,000 years ago. But they are the best preserved.
Potential Human Sacrifice Found at Shang Dynasty Burial
Archaeologists have uncovered a headless human skeleton in a pit at central China’s Chaizhuang site, which dates to the late Shang Dynasty (1600–1050 BCE). The person was placed facing north, in a kneeling position, with their hands crossed in front of them. The overall effect suggests they had been beheaded as a human sacrifice. Oracle bones bearing glyphs describing just such a practice have been found at the Yin Ruins, the capital of the Shang Dynasty. At Chaizhuang, the researchers also found an oracle bone bearing the “Kan” glyph, which is associated with sacrificing people and livestock in pits and upright burials. This would be the first archaeological evidence of a beheaded human sacrifice, though.
Apple trees reproduce poorly when apples that fall from the tree are left to rot where they fell. Even when those do grow up, the second-generation trees grow poorly when too close to their parents. Apple trees in the wild therefore rely on animals -- such as humans -- to disperse their apples and so disperse their offspring. The fossil record suggests that apple trees developed across Europe and Asia as early as 11.6 million years ago. Animals (and eventually hominins) have been using apples for their easy source of nutrients ever since. The earliest evidence of hominins eating apples comes from a Neolithic site in Switzerland dating to 3160 BCE. And the first evidence of apple seeds around hominins, suggesting active domestication, comes from the first millenium BCE at a village site in Kazakhstan.
In the mid-Cretaceous Period, about 90 million years ago, the earth was much, much warmer. High concentrations of atmospheric CO2 would have created much hotter global temperatures, melting polar ice sheets, and sending sea levels soaring to up to 170 meters (558 feet) higher than they are today. Which resulted in Antarctica being covered in rainforest.
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By Lillian Audette
This blog is a collection of the interesting, the weird, and sometimes the need-to-know about history, culled from around the internet. It has pictures, it has quotes, it occasionally has my own opinions on things. If you want to know more about anything posted, follow the link at the "source" on the bottom of each post. And if you really like my work, buy me a coffee or become a patron!